Playgrounds through Phylosophy

Playgrounds provide area for having all the things below;

The game is for the child to express himself.

These are the movements made without thinking of the result of the game.

Play is the method of learning the subjects that no one can teach the child with their own experience.

The game is the child’s job.

Harmony.

Bridge between dream and reality.

Social institution.

Mirror that reflects the child’s inner world.

Most ideal environment for the development of the child’s personality.

Extremely important tool that prepares the child for adult life.

Arena where the child learns social and moral values

The value of the game is being explored by many different disciplines such as . Psychology, education, philosophy and anthropology. Theorists, especially focusing on childhood, consider “game” as a basic requirement for human development.

Phylosophy

The first game theorists focused only on the physical benefits of the game. According to Herbert Spencer’s “Excess Energy Theory”. Play is a requirement for the child to drain his excess energy. As the opposite of Spencer’s view, G.T.W. Patrick (1916) . Considers the main goal of the game as the need for energy regeneration (Hughes, 1995) and relaxation .

Contemporary theorists such as Erikson, Freud, Ellis and Piaget emphasize the importance of the game for. The child’s social, cognitive and emotional development. They consider the game as an essential and integral part of childhood (Hart, 1993, Metin, P. 2003).

Psychoanalytic theorists like Signund Freu describe the most important function of good play as reducing anxiety. According to Freud, adult society is the source of emotion to children. Such as anger, fearless reasons and sexual curiosity. With the game, the child discovers ineligible. Emotions without being blocked by the adult.

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